Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, is one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children. Children with ADHD have impaired functioning in multiple settings, including home, school, and in relationships with peers. If untreated, the disorder can have long-term adverse effects into adolescence and adulthood. more>>

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of ADHD will appear over the course of many months, and include:

  • Impulsiveness: a child who acts quickly without thinking first.
  • Hyperactivity: a child who can't sit still, walks, runs, or climbs around when others are seated, talks when others are talking.
  • Inattention: a child who daydreams or seems to be in another world, is sidetracked by what is going on around him or her. more>>
How is it diagnosed?

If ADHD is suspected, the diagnosis should be made by a professional with training in ADHD. This includes child psychiatrists, psychologists, developmental/behavioral pediatricians, behavioral neurologists, and clinical social workers. After ruling out other possible reasons for the child’s behavior, the specialist checks the child’s school and medical records and talks to teachers and parents who have filled out a behavior rating scale for the child. A diagnosis is made only after all this information has been considered. more>>

Treatment

Effective treatments for ADHD are available, and include behavioral therapy and medications. more>>

Getting Help: Locate Services

Locate mental health services in your area, affordable healthcare, NIMH clinical trials, and listings of professionals and organizations. more>>

Related Information
News
Publications/Resource Materials

Read, print, or order NIMH booklets, fact sheets, and other publications on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder such as:

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A detailed booklet that describes the symptoms, causes, and treatments, with information on getting help and coping.

A Look at Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
An easy-to-read booklet with personal stories of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) — includes a checklist of symptoms and tips on getting help.

More Publications>>

ADHD Research
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